The Forgotten Sunnah of the Two Rak`ahs After the `Asr Prayer

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7 Responses to The Forgotten Sunnah of the Two Rak`ahs After the `Asr Prayer

  1. Abu Ruqayyah says:

    Really enjoy ur posts…waiting eagerly for them everyday…
    May Allah make all our affairs easy for us in this Duniya and in the Hereafter

    Jazakallahu khyr wa baarakalahu feek

  2. ISMAEEL MARIKAR says:

    IT APPEARS AS IF IT IS A REGULAR SUNNAH, BUT IT DEPENDS ON PRAYING ASR ON TIME.
    WELL THE PRAYING OF ASR ON TIME HAS BEEN STRESSED ELSEWHERE.
    JAZAKALLAHUKHAIRAN FOR THIS DETAILED INFORMATION AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO REVIVE A SUNNAH.AND EARN THE REWARD.

    • It was a regular sunnah of the Prophet – sallallaahu `alahi wa sallam, as mentioned in the above ahaadeeth.

      Yes, it is also correct that this depends upon praying the `Asr on time, Abu Daawood no. 1274 (also mentioned at the end of the article).

      BaarakAllaahu feek, alhamdulillaah it is an opportunity for us all to revive a sunnah, and gain the reward – as you mentioned.

      JazaakAllaahu Khairan for your comment.
      Saad

  3. ISMAEEL MARIKAR says:

    Assalamu alaikum

    Could you please enlighten us on the following ahadeeth;
    Ali bin Abu Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet sallAllaahu `alaihi wa sallam used to perform four Rak`ah before the `Asr prayer, separating them with Taslim (i.e., offering blessings) on the favourite angels who are near Allah’s proximity and the Muslims and the believers who come after them.

    [At-Tirmidhi].

    Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet sallAllaahu `alaihi wa sallam said, “May Allah have mercy on a man who performs four Rak`ah before the `Asr prayer.”
    [Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

    Jazaakallahu khairan

    • Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

      Wa `alaikumus Salaam wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh

      BaarakAllaahu feek for you comment.

      As regards the quoted ahaadeeth then I hope what follows should suffice –inshaaAllaah.

      TASLEEM IN THE FOUR RAK`AHS OF SUPEROGATORY PRAYER BEFORE THE `ASR PRAYER, AND IN THE FOUR RAK`AH OPTIONAL PRAYERS OF THE DAYTIME.

      Shaikh al-Albaanee –rahimahullaah– said in ‘as-Saheehah‘ (1/1/476/no.237) :

      237- ( When he had prayed the Fajr Prayer he left off praying until, when the sun was from here -meaning the direction of the east -the same height that it is for the `Asr Prayer from here -meaning from the west, he got up and prayed two rak`ahs. Then he left off praying until when the sun was from here -meaning from the direction of the east -the same height that it is for the Zuhr Prayer from here -meaning from the west, then he would get up and pray four; and (he would pray) four before the Zuhr Prayer, when the sun had passed the zenith, and two rak`ahs after it; and four before the `Asr, separating between each two rak`ahs with a salutation (tasleem) upon the Angels drawn close, and upon the Prophets, and those who followed them from the Muslims, [making the Salutation (at-Tasleem) at the end of it].)

      Reported by Ahmad (nos. 650 and 1375), and his son (no.1202), and at-Tirmidhee (2/294;&493-494), an-Nasaa•ee (1/139-140), Ibn Maajah (1/354), at-Tayaalisee (1/113-114), and from him by al-Bayhaqee (2/273); and at-Tirmidhee, also, in ‘ash-Shamaa•il’ (2/103-104), by way of Shu`bah and others: from Aboo Ishaaq: from `Aasim ibn Damurah, who said:

      “ We asked `Alee about the supererogatory Prayers of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) during the daytime, so he said: ‘You will not be able to manage it.’ He said: We said: Tell us about it, so that we can take from it whatever we are able to. He said: (And he mentioned it).”

      at-Tirmidhee said: “A’ hasan’ hadeeth, and Ishaaq ibn Ibraaheem said: The best thing reported about the supererogatory Prayers of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) is this; and it is related from `Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak that he used to declare this hadeeth to be weak; and he only declared it to be weak, and Allaah knows best, because its like is not reported from the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) except through this chain: from `Aasim ibn Damurah from `Alee; but he is reliable (thiqah) with some of the people of knowledge.

      I say: He is ‘Sadooq’ (truthful), as al-Haafiz said in ‘at-Taqreeb’, and he was declared reliable by Ibn al-Madeenee and others; and an-Nasaa•ee said: “He is all right”, so he is ‘hasan’ in hadeeth; and the addition at its end was reported by an-Nasaa•ee.

      And Aboo Daawood (1/200), and from him ad-Diyaa• in ‘al-Mukhtaarah’ (1/187) reported from it, by way of Shu`bah: from Aboo Ishaaq, only the Prayer before `Asr; however he said: ‘Two rak`ahs’; and this wording is ‘Shaadhdh’ [[ weak since it is contrary to the authentic narrations]] in my view, since it occurs in the ‘Musnad’ and elsewhere, with this chain, with the previous wording: ‘four’; and the same is the case with the other chains of narration from Aboo Ishaaq, as has preceded.

      Just like it with respect to being ‘Shaadhdh’ is the fact that some of the narrators from Aboo Ishaaq said ‘before the Jumu`ah’, as it was reported by al-Khila`ee in ‘al-Fawaa•id’ (72/1), and he did not notice its being ‘Shaadhdh’, as I have pointed out in ‘Silsilatul-Ahaadeethud-Da`eefah’ , and Allaah knows best.

      The Fiqh of the hadeeth:

      His saying: “He would make the tasleem at the end of them.”
      shows that the Sunnah with regard to the four rak`ah [optional] Prayers of the daytime is that they are prayed with a single tasleem, and he does not perform tasleem in them between the two pairs of rak`ahs.

      And some understand from his saying: ”He would separate each pair of rak`ahs with a tasleem upon the Angels drawn near, the Prophets, and those of the Muslims who followed them”, that he meant the tasleem to exit the Prayer.

      This was rebutted by Shaikh `Alee al-Qaaree in his explanation of ‘ash-Shamaa•il‘, where he said: ” It will not be hidden that the Saalaam given to exit the Prayer is made specifically for those Angels and Believers who are present along with the praying person; but this wording of the hadeeth is more general than that, since he mentioned the Angels drawn near, the Prophets, and those of the Believers, and the Muslims who followed them until the Day of Recompense.”

      Therefore al-Munaawee clearly stated in his explanation of ‘ash-Shamaa•il‘ that what it means is the tashahhud.
      He said: “Since it includes tasleem upon all of them, in our saying: ‘as-Salaamu `alainaa wa `alaa `ibaadillaahis-Saaliheen‘ (May Allaah send peace and security upon us, and upon [all] His righteous servants )”

      I say: And this is supported by the hadeeth of Ibn Mas`ood, which is agreed upon, that he said:

      ‘When we prayed along with the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) we used to say: ‘as-Salaam upon Allaah before His servants, as-Salaam upon Jibreel, as-Salaam upon Meekaa•eel, as-Salaam upon so and so.’ So when the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) finished, he turned his face to us and said:<<Allaah is as-Salaam (the Flawless One). So when one of you sits in the Prayer, then let him say: 'at-Tahiyyaatu lillaah…as-Salaamu `alainaa wa `alaa `ibaadillahis-Saaliheen.'(Words of praise and glorification are for Allaah alone…May Allaah send peace and security upon us, and upon His righteous servants). Since if he says that, then it will cover every righteous servant in the heavens and the earth…>>

      I say: And this addition, which occurs at the end of the hadeeth clearly states that, leaving no scope for further disagreement, because it clearly mentions what we have stated: that with regard to the four rak`ah sunnah Prayers of the daytime, then the tasleem is not to be done in the first tashahhud in them.

      So upon this, then the hadeeth conflicts with what is apparent from his ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) saying: <<The Prayer of the night and the day is in pairs>>

      And it is a ‘saheehhadeeth, as I have clarified in ‘Saheeh Abee Daawood’ (no.1172), and in ‘al-Hawdul-Mawrood fee Zawaa•id Muntaqaa Ibnil-Jaarood‘ (no.123) – may Allaah facilitate its completion.

      So perhaps the harmonization between the two hadeeth is to take the hadeeth of the chapter to show permissibility, and the hadeeth of Ibn `Umar to show what is most excellent, as is the case with regard to the four rak`ah [optional] Prayers of the night also, and Allaah knows best. ”

      Wallaahu ta`aalaa a`lam,
      Wassalaamu `alaikum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh
      Saad Burbank

    • As regards the second hadeeth you mentioned, then at-Tirmidhee (Chapter 206: What has been mentioned with regard to the four before `Asr) mentions:

      Yahyaa ibn Moosaa and Mahmood ibn Ghaylaan and Ahmad ibn Ibraaheem ad-Dawraqee and other than them narrated to us, saying: Aboo Daawood at-Tayaalisee narrated to us, saying: Muhammad ibn Muslim ibn Mihraan narrated from his grandfather saying: From Ibn `Umar: From the Prophet -sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam- that he said: “May Allaah have mercy upon a person who prays four rak`ahs before the `Asr prayer.”

      [Also reported by Abu Daawood, no. 1154]
      [Shaykh al-Albaanee said: Hasan]

      HayyaakAllaah,
      Wassalaamu `alaikum wa rahmatullaah,
      Saad

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